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植物光照之印度芥菜生长光照及补光灯技术研究

文章出处: 作者:人气:3178发表时间:2016-05-26

yindujiecaixijiecaixingyoucai。yuanchanyufeizhoubeibu,guangfanfenbuyuouzhoudongbu、zhongyaxiya、yindu、bajisitanjizhongguoxibuganhandiquhegaoyuandiqu。zaizhongguozaipeidejiecaixingyoulaiyoulianggebianzhong,jishaoyejieyoucaihedayejieyoucai,zheilianggebianzhongderansetishu2n=36,zheilianggezhongxiyoubaicaixingyuanshizhong(2n=20)heheijie(2n=16)ziranzajiaohouyiyuanduobeihuajinhuaerlaide,zijiaoqinhexinggao。shaoyejieyoucaijingbuyepianjiaoshaoerxiazhai,youzhangyebing,yeyuanyoumingxianjuchi,shangbuzhitiaojiaoxianxi,zhuxingjiaogaoda,fenzhibuweijiaogao,rugaoyoucai、layoulai、kuyoucaijidayoucaijunshuzheizhongleixing,zhuyaofenbuzaizhongguoxibeigesheng。dayejieyoucaijingbuyepianjiaokuandaerjianren,chengdatuoyuanxinghuoyuanxing,yeyuanwumingxianjuchi,yemiancucao,jingyeyoumingxianduanyebing,fenzhibuweizhongdeng,fenzhishuduo,zhuxingjiaoda,rugaojiaocaizi“niuerduo”、“maweisi”dengdifangpinzhongshucizhongleixing,tazhuyaofenbuzaizhongguoxinangesheng。jiecaixingyoucaizhuyaotedianzhugenrutujiaoshen,zhugenhejingganmuzhihuachengdugao,naihannaijinaihanxingqiang,shiyingxingqiang,buyidaofu,shengyuqibibaicaixingzhang,kangbingxingjieyubaicaixingheganlanxingzhijian,zhongzijiaoshao,zhongpiduoweihese、honghesejihuangse,hanyouliangjiaodi,yibanwei30%~40%,zhongziyouxinlawei。jiecaixingyoucaishiyiwoguoxibeihexinandiqurenshaodiduo、ganhanshaoyudeshanquzhongzhi。

  形态特性

  yindujiecaizhizhugaoda,zhuxingsongsan,fenzhixianxi,fenzhibuweigao,youmiaojibuyepianxiaoerxiazhai,cuzhuangdeyebingzhujianbianxi,yemianzhousuobingyoubaifen,yeyuanchengmingxianjuchizhuang。huangsezongzhuanghuaxu,huabanjiaoxiao,sibanfenli,epiansige。huaqiyibanzaichunmozhishengxia,youxiexiamoqiuchu,shizhangyueyigeyue。jiaoguoxi,zilijiaoxiao,danxingpailiezaijiaoguonei。xiyangguangchongzu,naiganhan,jiboturang。

  环境作用

  suizhexiandaihuanongyeshengchanzhonggezhonghanyouzhongjinshudenongyaohehuafeidedaliangshiyong,chengshishenghuowushuihelajichulibudangyijigongye“sanfei”debuhelipaifang,daozhiturangzhongjinshuwuranwentiriquyanzhong,zheibujinshiturangfeilixiajiang,yingxiangnongchanpinzhilianghechanliang,erqieehuadaqiheshuihuanjing,shenzhiketongguoshiwulianweijirenleihuodongwudeshengmingjiankang。yinci,zhongjinshuwuranturangdexiufuhezhilishiquanqiumianlindeyigejidaijiejuedehuanjingwenti。jinnianlaixinxingdeliyongduimouzhonghuomouxiezhongjinshujuyouteshuxishoufujinenglidelvsezhiwulaiqingchuturangzhongjinshudezhiwuxiufujishuyiqigaoxiao、jingjiheduihuanjingwuwurandengyoushiriyishoudaorenmendeguanzhu。yindujiecaishimuqianyizhongshenghuoqiduan、dishangbushengwuliangda,tongshiyoukefujiduozhongzhongjinshuyuansudezhiwu,zaizhiwuxiufuzhongjuyoujiaodadeyingyongqianli。duizhongjinshuge、qiandekangnaixingjiaoqiang,duiturangzhongzhongjinshudexishounenglishunxuweige>qian,duiturangzhonggedexishounenglidadaole100mg/kgyishang,biaoxianchulechaofujizhiwudetexing,yindujiecaiduigedejinghualvwei0.35%~9.22%,duiqiandejinghualvwei0.015%~0.356%,yindujiecaiyongyuzhongjinshuwuranturangdexiufujuyouzhongyaodeshijiyiyi。

  人工光照的配置

  shizihuakezhiwuyouqiyoucaizheiyileizhiwuderengongguangzhaopeizhishiyizhongxiangduijishuchengshudepeizhi,zaizupeiyanjiuzhong,womenyoujielun,dangranzheiyikeshuzhiwuzaijinshufujizhongyouqiteshuzuoyong,yejiushizaiqikenengfujijinshudepeiyanghuanjing,zhuru:nongdu、wendudengjunduiguangzhaopeizhiyouyidingdewucha,dangranzheiyangdewuchabuyingxiangzhengtizhiwudeguangzhaoquxiang,suoyiwomenzhijiegenjushizihuakezhiwubingjieheyindujiecaidefenbudehaibagaodujijijiewenchadengpeizhichuyindujiecaishengzhangdeng:

  hongguang(yidingbozhang):languang(yidingbozhang):baiguang(yidingsewen)=7:2:1

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